MDG Progress in Short 1: Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger

It turns out that the for the first goal, the world seems to be making significant impact. The world sees half the number of people today living on $1/day than it did in 1990. I’m confused though about whether the $1/day income rate is adjusted for inflation every year.

Here are the details of sub-targets, tactical objectives that provide success measures for the goal:

Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

TARGET:  Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day

Robust growth in the first half of the decade reduced the number of people in developing regions living on less than $1.25 a day from 1.8 billion in 1990 to 1.4 billion in 2005, while the poverty rate dropped from 46 per cent to 27 per cent.

The overall poverty rate is still expected to fall to 15 per cent by 2015, indicating that the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target can be met. This translates into around 920 million people living under the international poverty line—half the number in 1990.

TARGET:  Achieve, full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people.

TARGET:  Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Food prices spiked in 2008 and falling income due to the financial crisis further worsened the situation. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations estimates that the number of people who were undernourished in 2008 may be as high as 915 million and exceed 1 billion in 2009.

Years after a conflict has ended, large populations of refugees remain in camps with limited employment and education opportunities and inadequate health services. Not surprisingly, refugees often become dependent on subsistence-level assistance and lead lives of poverty and unrealized potential….More than 42 million people are currently displaced by conflict or persecution.


All the information listed in this series are pulled from the Millennium Development Goals Report of 2010, a progress report issued by the UN earlier in 2010. Each goal can help us understand some of the pressing crises of the world, bringing it into focus in our own lives.  Click here to find out some ways to get involved and make this new year time to reflect on the needs of the world.


About C. Sala Hewitt

C. Sala Hewitt
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